Garden Maintenence

I have a garden. Now what? It is important to maintain your garden. To maintain your soil health, make sure to use compost and cover crops. To maintain your plants, mitigate the effects of diseases and pests by following some of the guidelines provided. Good mulching, irrigation systems, and weeding practices will help your plants keep the water they need to grow and reduce the work needed to be done by you. Companion planting and using pollinators will give your plants the best shot at success through using natural agricultural systems. Trellising is a great way to increase productivity and reduce stress on bean and tomato crops. Finally, it is equally as important to make sure all of your equipment is maintained and stored correctly.


Backyard Composting

Managing the Decay Process, How to make Compost, Compost Use, Health, and Safety


ATTRA Sustainable Agriculture – Tipsheet: Compost

Approved Compost Material, Guidelines, Common Symptoms, Application, and References


Backyard Composting

Why compost, What do I need to do to make compost, How do I make compost, Troubleshooting your Pile, and How do I get Started


Making Quality Compost

Benefits, Process, Participant, and Criteria for Success


Let Worms Make Your Compost

The Worms, The Box, Feeding & Maintaining the worms, Harvesting & Using the Castings


Cover Crops

Cover Crop Benefits and Challenges in Kentucky

Cover Crop Table, Cover Crop Benefits, and Cover Crop Challenges


Cover Crop in Organic Systems

Purpose, Cover Crops in Organic Systems, National Organic Program Regulations
Selecting a Cover Crop, Cover Crops for Organic Production, Cover Crop Species and
Function by Region Field Preparation Planting, Cover Crop Planting Methods, Cover Crop Termination Options, and Annual Cover Cropping in Perennial Systems.

Cover Crop Chart

Divided by Growth Cycles, Plant Architecture, and Relative Water Use


Choosing a Spring Cover Crop

Defining Goals, Identifying the Window, Crop Chart


Winter Cover Crops for Kentucky Gardens and Fields

Small Grains, Seeding and Managing Small Grains, Grasses, Legumes, other crops, and Potential Problems



Diagnosing Plant Problems

Data Collection for the Diagnostic Process, Disease, Insects and Mites, Wildlife, Abiotic Causes, and Diagnostic Assistance


Bean Diseases

Cause, Symptoms, Signs, Disease Management and Development of Anthracnose, Bacterial Blights, Stem and Roots Rots, and Rust


Problems of Cole Crop

Diseases Caused by Bacteria, Diseases Caused by Fungi and Fungus-Like Organisms, and Diseases Caused by Viruses


Guide for Common Problems of Cucurbit Crops

Physiological and Nutritional Disorders, Insect Pests, Diseases, and Chemical Injuries


Bacterial Wilt of Cucurbits

Symptoms and Signs, Cause and Disease Development, Disease Management, and Additional Resources


Problems of High Tunnel and Greenhouse Vegetable Crops in Kentucky

Physiological Disorders, Diseases, Insects and Pests, Herbicide Injury and Weeds, and Management Practices


Common Problems of Legume Vegetables in Kentucky

Diseases, Insects, Weeds, and Abiotic Disorders


Bacterial Spot of Pepper & Tomato

Symptoms, Cause & Disease Development, and Disease Management


Blackleg & Bacterial Soft Rot of Potato

Symptoms, Cause & Disease Development, and Disease Management


Disease and Insect Management in Organic Small Grains

Disease Management, Resistant Varieties, Seed Quality, Rotation, Delayed Planting, Irrigation Timing, Crop Scouting, Storage Environment, and Specific Grain Diseases, In-crop Insects, Cultural Practices, and Stored-grain Insects.


Common Pests of Solanaceous Crops

Physiological and Nutrient Disorders, Insect Pests, Diseases, Bacterial Diseases on Tomatoes, and Herbicide Injury


Common Problems of Sweet Corn in Kentucky

Physiological, Nutritional, and other Disorders, Insect Pests, Diseases, and Herbicide Injury


Bacterial Canker of Tomato

Symptoms, Cause & Disease Development, and Disease Management



How to Install a Drip Irrigation System

Materials and Steps


Garden Irrigation Basics

Plant Water Use, Irrigation Systems, Soils and Irrigation, Irrigation Application Rates, Drip Practices, and Irrigation Practices


Vegetable Crop Irrigation Chart

Crop, Frequency, Critical Period, Rooting Depth, and Potential Defects


When to Water Your Vegetable Garden – Watering Chart

Start With Good Soil, When to Water, Lose Guilt About Wilt, and Watering Guide

When to Water Your Vegetable Garden Watering Chart


Compost Education Centre: Factsheet Series Mulching

Why Mulch?, What to Mulch with?, Building Soil, and Living Mulch


The Marvel of Mulch

The Benefits of Mulch, How to make mulch, and Some tips for making mulch


Garden Mulching

Why mulch?,  How to use mulch, Types of mulch, Potential problems

Mulching_Garden Box_Online

Plastic Mulching for Crop Production

Advantages of plastic mulching, Weed Control, Limitations, Areas of application, removal of mulch, and more


Proper Mulching Techniques

Benefits of Proper Mulching, Types of Mulch, Problems, and Proper Mulching


Sheet Mulching

Sheet mulching benefits and Steps



Aphids – Botanical Control Formulations

Using Garlic, Rosemary, Papaya Leaves, and Mint


Common Garden Pests

Aphids, Cabbage worms, Colorado Potato Beetles, Cucumber Beetles, Flea Beetles, Japanese Beetles, Mexican Bean Beetles, Slugs, and Stink Bugs

BIU Common Insect Pests

Organic Pest and Disease Control

Why Grow Organic, Integrated Pest Management Strategies, Biological Control, Cultural Control, Physical Control, Chemical Control, and Disease Management

BIU Organic Pest and Disease Control

BIU Organic Pest Control Sprays

Pest Control – Diatomaceous Earth, Horticultural Oil & Soap, Neem Oil, Milky Spore, Bt (DiPel), Spinosad, Pyrethrum. Disease Control – Viruses, Bacteria, Fungus, Potassium Bicaronate, Copper, and Bio-Fungicides

BIU Organic Sprays Handout

Cucumber Beetles: Organic Integrated Pest Management

Species of cucumber beetles, Life cycle of the cucumber beetle, Damage to plants by cucumber beetles, Organic control measures, Population monitoring, Cultural practices, Trap crops, trap baits and sticky traps, Predators and parasites, and Botanical and biorational insecticides


For the Gardener: Controlling Small Animal Pests

Determining what pests are present and what options are available


Grasshopper Management

Life cycle, Weather, Cultural controls, Tillage, Trap crops, Predators, Biological controls, and Physical barriers and traps


Biointensive Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Conventional” and “Biointensive” IPM, Why Move to Biointensive IPM?, Components of Biointensive IPM, How to Get Started, The Pest Manager/Ecosystem Manager, Proactive Strategies (Cultural Controls), Biological Controls, Mechanical and Physical Controls, Pest Identification, and Monitoring


Squash Bug and Squash Vine Borer: Organic Controls

Life Cycle and Characteristics: Squash Bug, Life Cycle and Characteristics: Squash, Vine Borer, Planning for Control, Levels of Control in Certified Organic Production, Systems-based practices (level 1), Mechanical and physical practices (level 2), Material (level 3), Row Covers, Host Preference and Genetic Resistance, Other Cultural and Physical Controls, Experimental, creative approaches, Recommended strategies, Biological Control, Kaolin Clay, and Alternative Insecticides



Grow Appalachia – Flowers for Pollinators

Common flowers for pollinators and tips about keeping pollinator levels high

Smart Gardening: Pollination in vegetable gardens and backyard fruit

What is pollination, Role of pollinators in gardens and fruit, and management practices


The Garden Club of Kentucky – Pollinator Garden

Pollinator charts and extra resources

Kentucky Pollinator Chart

Chart of Kentucky pollinators including what they attract and when to plant them


Tools and Repair

Caring for specific Garden Tools

Safety, Sharpening, Maintenence, Preventing rust, Storage, and more.


Care and Maintenance of Garden Tools

Storage, Care during the season, Winter storage, Thorough cleaning, Adjusting blades, and more resources



Florida Weave – Stake your Tomatoes

Florida Weave picture and steps


Vertical Vegetable Gardening

Powerpoint that goes over why people garden vertically and different ways to garden vertically



Organic Weed Control

Overview of weeds, Different ways to use mulch, Tips, and long term goals

Organic Weed Control _ Organic Growers School _ Gardening

Organic Herbacide Chart

Clove Oil, Vinegar, Boiling water, and Fire


Pocket Field Guide to Kentucky’s Common Weeds and Other Unwanted Plants

Common Weeds, Weed Control, Non-native Invasive Species, What makes species invasive, and a Weed Chart

SRAG 300 Pocket Field Guide to Weeds

Sustainable Weed Management for Small and Medium-Scale Farms

Weed, The Root Cause of Weeds, Understanding, Weed Seed Banks and Germination, Proactive Weed – Management Strategies, Reactive Weed – Management Strategies, and Edible Weeds


Companion Planting

Companion Planting and Botanical Pesticides: Concepts & Resources

Traditional Companion Planting, Companion Planting Chart, The Scientific Foundations for Companion Planting, Botanical Pesticides, Options for System Design, and Further Resources