Black Gold – C O M P O S T –
Composting is taking organic waste, yard trimmings and kitchen scraps and converting it through decomposition into a free source of soil amendments and a natural fertilizer. Using compost we build up our soil by adding important nutrients back to the soil that get depleted during our gardens growing season. We just can’t get the same results from chemical fertilizers.
It is estimated by the EPA that 20% of all landfill use is organic materials that we should be composting. By composting, we can significantly reduce landfill space..
To make compost it requires green matter such as food scraps grass clippings which will add nitrogen, and brown matter such as leaves or saw dust that add carbon. With water, oxygen and time we will have our compost. It is important that we layer the greens and the browns then occasionally stir it with a pitched fork to get oxygen into the pile the more you work your pile the faster it will decompose for you.
Creating a compost bin or area is simple. It doesn’t require much time, space or money. Compost areas ideally should be close to the garden. There are a variety of materials that can by used to make a compost bin, such as cinder blocks, woven wire fence, lattice, etc.. There are also many compost bins that you can purchase commercially.
What should be added to your compost bin?
· Vegetable peels and scraps
· Fruit scraps
· Coffee grounds with filter
· Tea bags
· Egg shells
· Watermelon rinds cut into pieces
· Grass clippings
· Spent flowers and plants
· Weeds if it has not seeded
Things that should never be composted:
· Meat or meat scraps
· Fats or oils
· Salad dressings
. Dairy Products
We offered a composting class following our participants meeting this week. We only have a few participants that have composted before. After the class, most of them said that they were going to begin composting.